Some antioxidants are essential vitamins that your body needs to function, while others are essential minerals. Examples of antioxidant vitamins include the immune-boosting vitamins C (found in brussels sprouts, red cabbage, and peppers), vitamin E (found in almonds, sunflower seeds, and olive oil), and vitamin A, which your body makes from beta carotene (found in collard greens, sweet potatoes, and cantaloupe). Examples of antioxidant minerals include selenium (found in Brazil nuts, pork, and turkey) and zinc (found in oysters, beef, and pumpkin seeds).
Then there are antioxidants that aren’t exactly considered essential nutrients but still have effects on cells and tissues, Bradley Bolling, PhD, an assistant professor of food science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, tells SELF. You can find these in plant, animal, and other dietary sources.
A few examples of these antioxidants include carotenoid cousins of beta carotene such as lycopene (found in watermelon, tomato sauce, and ketchup) and lutein and zeaxanthin (found in spinach, romaine lettuce, and Swiss chard), chlorogenic acid (found in coffee, apples, and eggplants), flavonoids (found in berries, tea, and citrus fruits), and ergothioneine (found in mushrooms, tempeh, oats, and kidney beans).
What are the health benefits of antioxidants?
As a whole, antioxidants can be helpful because they fight back against that oxidative stress, which is linked to the wide swath of health problems mentioned above.
Of course, it’s important to understand that a multitude of factors determines your risk of developing various diseases—oxidative stress is just one of them. Research does point to a broad range of health benefits in people who consume more antioxidants, but the NCCIH notes that it’s possible the benefits of antioxidant-rich diets may have to do with a combination of substances in the antioxidant-rich foods rather than specific antioxidants themselves—not to mention other related lifestyle or dietary factors.
So let’s take a closer look at some of the research showing a link between high antioxidant intake and reduced risk of disease.
In one study published in the European Journal of Nutrition, researchers classified 23,595 Americans into four groups based on their antioxidant consumption1. People who ate the most antioxidants had a 21% lower risk of dying over a 13-year period than people who ate the least, even as the researchers accounted for relevant mitigating factors such as participants’ age, sex, and economic status. (It’s worth noting, though, that this study was based on a 24-hour dietary recall, or people’s recollections of just one day of eating.)
Research also indicates that high amounts of dietary antioxidants may influence your risk of developing type 2 diabetes and stroke.2,3 And according to a meta-analysis published in Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology of 19 previously published studies that included over 700,000 people, a diet high in antioxidants may reduce the risk of cancer, with significant reductions seen with colorectal, endometrial, and gastric in particular4.
There is even evidence to suggest that particular antioxidants are associated with lower risks of particular diseases, though it’s generally really hard to tease out specific relationships. Still, higher intake of flavonoids has long been linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, and a recent study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggests an association with a reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease too.5,6 And Dr. Giovannucci notes that high intake of lycopene appears to be associated with a lower risk of aggressive prostate cancer7, while high intake of beta-carotene appears to be associated with a lower risk of breast cancer (particularly, estrogen receptor negative breast cancer).
Poulter strikes huge blow for money-chasing rebels as European ban overturned
Amber Heard asks court to toss $10M verdict in Johnny Depp defamation case
‘Uniquely American Horror’: Tri-State Leaders React to Deadly Illinois Parade Shooting
More than a dozen Connecticut state parks reach capacity on July 4
Wimbledon warns players to cut down on food after coach pockets 27 yoghurts
PINAY OFW 2021 VIRAL VIDEO SCANDAL | GRABE NAMAN TO!!
DHS pays over $455K to build ‘security fencing’ around Biden’s beach home
7-Foot-Tall Harambe Statue Stares Down Wall Street’s Charging Bull, Which Is Now Covered in Bananas
Stocks making the biggest moves midday: Facebook, Robinhood, FedEx and more
Julia Gwyneth Ostan Issue | Julia Ostan Viral Scandal Full Video | Julia Ostan Kmjs
Two Viral Videos Show Tamil Nadu Government Govt School Students Cleaning Restrooms In Uniform
Zahir Jaffer and Noor Mukaddam Latest | Iqra Latest | Viral Videos
Viral videos of University with Sajal Ali
Florida Challenging Federal Travel Mask Mandate
Viral videos – Royal Navy carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth completes visit to Liverpool
News23 hours ago
Salon reporter argues Joe Biden is similar to the Founding Fathers
Sport18 hours ago
New Blackburn boss Jon Dahl Tomasson ready to splash £3m on Anel Ahmedhodzic
News19 hours ago
As preps continue for Monday’s Macy Fireworks in NYC, massive show lights up the sky at the Meadowlands on Sunday night
Sport21 hours ago
LIV Golf: Branden Grace wins at Pumpkin Ridge
News21 hours ago
UAE weather: Dusty forecast, temperature expected to drop slightly
News20 hours ago
USFL Championship: Stallions hold off Stars in thriller for title
News20 hours ago
Police searching for driver in deadly Bronx hit-and-run
Sport13 hours ago
Man Utd squad arrives for pre-season including Fernandes but NO Ronaldo